Tumor necrosis factor-alpha induces insulin resistance in endothelial cells via a p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase-dependent pathway

Guolian Li, Eugene J Barrett, Matthew O Barrett, Wenhong Cao, Zhenqi Liu
Endocrinology 2007, 148 (7): 3356-63
Chronic inflammation contributes to vascular insulin resistance and endothelial dysfunction. Systemic infusion of TNF-alpha abrogates insulin's action to enhance skeletal muscle microvascular perfusion. In skeletal muscle TNF-alpha induces insulin resistance via the p38 MAPK pathway. To examine whether p38 MAPK also regulates TNF-alpha-induced vascular insulin resistance, bovine aortic endothelial cells (bAECs) were incubated+/-TNF-alpha (5 ng/ml) for 6 h in the presence or absence of SB203580 (p38 MAPK specific inhibitor, 10 microM) after serum starvation for 10 h. For the last 30 min, cells were treated+/-1 nM insulin, and insulin receptor substrate (IRS)-1, Akt, endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS), p38 MAPK, ERK1/2, c-Jun N-terminal kinase, and AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) phosphorylation, and eNOS activity were measured. TNF-alpha increased p38 MAPK phosphorylation, potently stimulated IRS-1 serine phosphorylation, and blunted insulin-stimulated IRS-1 tyrosine and Akt phosphorylation and eNOS activity. TNF-alpha also potently stimulated the phosphorylation of ERK1/2 and AMPK. Treatment with SB203580 decreased p38 MAPK phosphorylation back to the baseline and restored insulin sensitivity of IRS-1 tyrosine and Akt phosphorylation and eNOS activity in TNF-alpha-treated bAECs without affecting TNF-alpha-induced ERK1/2 and AMPK phosphorylation. We conclude that in cultured bAECs, TNF-alpha induces insulin resistance in the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/Akt/eNOS pathway via a p38 MAPK-dependent mechanism and enhances ERK1/2 and AMPK phosphorylation independent of the p38 MAPK pathway. This differential modulation of TNF-alpha's actions by p38 MAPK suggests that p38 MAPK plays a key role in TNF-alpha-mediated vascular insulin resistance and may contribute to the generalized endothelial dysfunction seen in type 2 diabetes mellitus and the cardiometabolic syndrome.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"