JOURNAL ARTICLE

Decreased levels of lipid peroxidation-induced DNA damage in the onset of atherogenesis in apolipoprotein E deficient mice

Roger W L Godschalk, Catrin Albrecht, Danielle M J Curfs, Roel P F Schins, Helmut Bartsch, Frederik-Jan van Schooten, Jagadeesan Nair
Mutation Research 2007 August 1, 621 (1): 87-94
17418875
Increased oxidative stress and subsequent lipid peroxidation (LPO) are thought to be critical events in the formation of atherosclerotic lesions in apolipoprotein E deficient mice (ApoE-KO). LPO derived reactive aldehydes react with DNA to form exocyclic etheno-DNA adducts. These pro-mutagenic DNA lesions are known to be involved in the initiation of carcinogenesis, but their role in the development of atherosclerosis is unknown. In the present study we show that levels of the LPO derived 1,N(6)-ethenodeoxyadenosine (varepsilondA) and 3,N(4)-ethenodeoxycytidine (varepsilondC) were both significantly lower in aorta of 12 weeks old ApoE-KO mice as compared to their wild type controls (1.6+/-0.3 versus 3.2+/-0.8 varepsilondA per 10(8) parent nucleotides, P=0.04 and 4.8+/-0.8 versus 9.2+/-2.1 for varepsilondC, P=0.02). Moreover, levels of both DNA adduct types were inversely related with total plasma cholesterol levels. Consequently, lowest etheno-DNA adduct levels were observed in ApoE-KO mice on a high fat diet. Hypercholesterolemia has previously been associated with increased expression of base excision repair (BER) enzymes, which could explain the lower levels of etheno-DNA adducts in ApoE-KO mice as compared to wild type controls. Indeed, increased staining for the BER-specific DNA repair enzyme apurinic/apyrimidinic endonuclease (Ape1/Ref1) was observed by immunohistochemistry in the endothelium and the first layers of arterial smooth muscle cells of ApoE-KO mice as compared to their wild type counterparts. A high fat diet further increased overall Ape1/Ref1 protein expression in ApoE-KO mice. Although these data suggest no role for increased LPO derived DNA damage in the onset of atherogenesis in ApoE-KO mice, the potentially modulating role of Ape1/Ref1 in the arterial wall deserves further attention.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
17418875
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"