JOURNAL ARTICLE

Effect of paraoxonase 1 polymorphisms on the response of lipids and lipoprotein-associated enzymes to treatment with fluvastatin

Dimitrios S Christidis, Evangelos N Liberopoulos, Anna I Kakafika, George A Miltiadous, George L Liamis, Barbara Kakaidi, Alexandros D Tselepis, Marios A Cariolou, Moses S Elisaf
Archives of Medical Research 2007, 38 (4): 403-10
17416287

BACKGROUND: Decreased paraoxonase 1 (PON1) and increased total serum lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A(2) (Lp-PLA(2)) activities are suggested to be risk factors for vascular disease. Common PON1 genetic polymorphisms (Q192R and L55M) significantly affect PON1 activity and may also influence high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-associated Lp-PLA(2) activity. However, little is known about the possible effect of PON1 common genetic polymorphisms on the response of lipids as well as PON1 and Lp-PLA(2) activities to treatment with statins.

METHODS: Two hundred two hypercholesterolemic patients were treated with fluvastatin 40 mg/day. Fasting serum lipids, Q192R and L55M PON1 polymorphisms as well as PON1 and Lp-PLA(2) (total serum and HDL-associated) activities were determined before and after 6 months of treatment.

RESULTS: Fluvastatin treatment did not affect HDL-cholesterol or apolipoprotein (apo) AI but resulted in significant decreases in total cholesterol, triglycerides, low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol, apo B and apo E, as well as total serum Lp-PLA(2) activity. In contrast, PON1 activity significantly increased. None of these changes was influenced by Q192R or L55M PON1 polymorphisms. Overall, HDL-Lp-PLA(2) did not change but L55M polymorphism significantly influenced its response to fluvastatin. Specifically, LL homozygotes experienced a significant increase, while M carriers (LM or MM) experienced a non-significant decrease in HDL-Lp-PLA(2) activity (p = 0.030 between groups).

CONCLUSIONS: Q192R and L55M PON1 polymorphisms did not affect the response of lipids, PON1 and total serum Lp-PLA(2) to treatment with a statin. However, L55M PON1 polymorphism significantly modulated the response of HDL-Lp-PLA(2). It should be noted that this is an association study and therefore provides no proof but only indication that PON1 may also exert Lp-PLA(2) activity in HDL.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
17416287
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"