JOURNAL ARTICLE

[Results of treatment of orbital fractures with polydioxanone sheet]

Marcin Kos, Daniel Brusco, Werner Engelke
Polimery W Medycynie 2006, 36 (4): 31-6
17402230

UNLABELLED: Orbital fractures are one of the most frequent consequences following midfacial trauma. If not treated they can lead to serious optical complications as: double vision (diplopia), restriction of ocular motility, eyeball sinking (enophthalmos). Autogenic bone grafts although still wide and effectively used for reconstruction of the fractured orbital walls present some disadvantages. This is morbidity of the donor site, unforeseen resorption, time-consuming procedure and longer postoperative care. Because of that introduction of new materials for orbital reconstruction seems to be desirable. The aim of the work was to evaluate usefulness of the polydioxanone sheets (PDS) as a reconstructive material for orbital floor fractures.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: From 1. 09. 2004 to 1. 02. 2006 111 patients with orbital fractures were treated in the Department of Maxillofacial Surgery Klinikum Minden. Age of the patients was between 15- 89 years (mean 43 y.); m:w ratio 78:33. There were 54 isolated orbital floor fractures (in 3 cases with additional medial wall fracture) and 57 zygomatico-orbito-maxillary fractures. The diagnosis was based on the clinical picture and coronal CT scans. The patients were operated through a transconjunctival (72%) or an infraorbital-Mustarde (28%) access and the orbital floor (medial orbital wall) was reconstructed with PDS sheet. Control examination was performed immediately, 1 moth and 6 months after the operative treatment.

RESULTS: There were 47% true "blow-out", 34% "trap-door" and 19% "en-clapet" fractures. The most important preoperative symptom was double vision (23%), restriction of ocular motility (18%), enophthalmos (3,6%), impairment of function of the infraorbital nerve (41%). Size of the defect was 3+/-1,13 cm(2) in "blow out" fracture, 1,8 +/-0,9 cm(2) in "trap-door" and 2+/-0,5 cm(2) in ,"en-clapet" ones. The primary reconstruction was successful in 97,3% of the cases. Any inflammation or reaction against implant was noted. Persistent double vision was present in 2,7%, restriction of ocular motility in 1,8% and enophthalmos in 0,9% after the primary procedure. These patients were submitted to reoperation. In 1 case badly positioned PDS sheet causing diplopia was removed. In another one, eyeball movement restriction was due to adhesions between the sheet and periorbital tissue. Visual status of this patient has improved after adhesiolysis. In 1 patient with a large bony destruction reconstruction only with PDS sheet was an inadequate treatment. In 7,2% of patients disturbances in the field of innervation of the infraorbital nerve were present 6 months after the surgery.

CONCLUSIONS: Alloplastic, resorbable PDS sheets in most cases were a valuable material for the reconstruction of the orbital floor (medial orbital wall). Mechanical properties of PDS seem to be not sufficient for the reconstruction of extremely large bony defects. In these cases use of autogenic bone grafts or a titanium mesh should be rather considered.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
17402230
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"