Correction of preoperative vitamin D deficiency after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery

Monica L Nelson, Lynn M Bolduc, Michelle E Toder, Donald M Clough, Susan S Sullivan
Surgery for Obesity and Related Diseases 2007, 3 (4): 434-7

BACKGROUND: To evaluate the adequacy of supplementation to correct preoperative vitamin D deficiency in adult patients during the year after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery.

METHODS: The medical records were reviewed and the preoperative and 12-month postoperative serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] levels were compared in patients who underwent RYGB from 2002 to 2004. The serum 25(OH)D levels were defined as being optimal (> or = 80 nmol/L), suboptimal (50-79 nmol/L), or deficient (<50 nmol/L). Patients with deficient 25(OH)D levels were prescribed 50,000 IU ergocalciferol weekly. The remaining patients averaged 710 IU supplemental vitamin D intake daily.

RESULTS: The mean patient age was 43.8 +/- 10.7 years, and the mean preoperative body mass index was 51.8 +/- 9.8 kg/m2. Of the 95 patients with baseline and 12-month 25(OH)D levels, 89% were women. The mean preoperative 25(OH)D level was 49.7 +/- 26.5 nmol/L; 34% had suboptimal 25(OH)D levels and 54% had deficient levels before surgery. Twelve months after surgery, those receiving 50,000 IU weekly (n = 40) had a mean 25(OH)D level of 69.2 +/- 22.2 nmol/L; 63% had suboptimal and 8% deficient levels. Those taking 710 IU daily (n = 55) had a mean 25(OH)D level of 85.5 +/- 33.0 nmol/L; 44% had suboptimal and 6% deficient levels.

CONCLUSION: Vitamin D deficiency is prevalent in RYGB patients before surgery. The vitamin D status improved markedly after RYGB surgery with either 710 IU vitamin D daily or 50,000 IU weekly. Current supplementation practices do not appear to optimize the serum 25(OH)D levels and need to be more closely examined.

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