Ectopic neocartilage formation from predifferentiated human adipose derived stem cells induced by adenoviral-mediated transfer of hTGF beta2

Xiao bing Jin, Yong sheng Sun, Ke Zhang, Jing Wang, Tai ping Shi, Xiao dong Ju, Si quan Lou
Biomaterials 2007, 28 (19): 2994-3003
Chondrogenic potential of human adipose derived stem cells (hASCs) makes them a possible source of seeding cells for cartilage tissue engineering. In this study, chondrogenic differentiation of hASCs induced by transduction with replication-deficient adenovirus carrying human transforming growth factor beta2 (Ad5-hTGF beta2) was demonstrated by RT-PCR, immunohistochemistry staining, biochemical and western blot analysis. To evaluate if the in vitro differentiated hASCs could keep their chondrocytic phenotype and produce neo-cartilage in vivo, predifferentiated hASCs were seeded in different scaffolds and implanted in subcutaneous pockets on the dorsum of nude mice. After 4 and 12 weeks culture in vivo, specimens were harvested and examined by histological and immunohistochemical analysis, cartilage-like tissue formation was only found in alginate gel and PLGA/alginate compound groups, in PLGA group, fibrous tissues and angiogenesis ingrowth were observed. These findings demonstrated that adenovirus-mediated hTGF beta2 gene transfer could induce hASCs into a chondrogenic lineage in vitro, however, this predifferentiation did not guarantee ectopic cartilage formation in vivo unless appropriate three-dimensional scaffolds were used as the cell carry vehicles.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"