Dissociation of Abeta(16-22) amyloid fibrils probed by molecular dynamics

Takako Takeda, Dmitri K Klimov
Journal of Molecular Biology 2007 May 11, 368 (4): 1202-13
The mechanisms of deposition and dissociation are implicated in the assembly of amyloid fibrils. To investigate the kinetics of unbinding of Abeta(16-22) monomers from preformed fibrils, we use molecular dynamics (MD) simulations and the structures for Abeta(16-22) amyloid fibrils. Consistent with experimental studies, the dissociation of Abeta(16-22) peptides involves two main stages, locked and docked, after which peptides unbind. The lifetime of the locked state, in which a peptide retains fibril-like structure and interactions, extends up to 0.5 micros under normal physiological conditions. Upon cooperative rupture of all fibril-like hydrogen bonds (HBs) with the fibril, a peptide enters a docked state. This state is populated by disordered random coil conformations and its lifetime ranges from approximately 10 to 200 ns. The docked state is stabilized by hydrophobic side chain interactions, while the contribution from HBs is small. Our simulations also suggest that the peptides located on fibril edges may form stable beta-strand conformations distinct from the fibril "bulk". We propose that such edge peptides can act as fibril caps, which impede fibril elongation. Our results indicate that the interactions between unbinding peptides constitute the molecular basis for cooperativity of peptide dissociation. The kinetics of fibril growth is reconstructed from unbinding assuming the reversibility of deposition/dissociation pathways. The relation of in silica dissociation kinetics to experimental observations is discussed.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"