Renal cell carcinoma in renal transplant patients

Luiz Estevan Ianhez, Marcos Lucon, William Carlos Nahas, Emil Sabbaga, Luiz Balthazar Saldanha, Antonio Marmo Lucon, Miguel Srougi
Urology 2007, 69 (3): 462-4

OBJECTIVES: To report our experience with renal cell carcinoma in patients with end-stage renal failure receiving dialysis at two institutions that perform a large number of transplantations. Renal cell carcinoma is more frequent in patients with end-stage renal failure treated with dialysis and in renal transplant patients than in the population at large.

METHODS: We reviewed the case histories of 1375 consecutive patients who had transplanted kidneys functioning for more than 1 year.

RESULTS: Eleven renal tumors were found in 10 patients (1.37%); 10 of the tumors (90%) were in the native kidney (9 unilateral and 1 bilateral) and 1 (10%) was in the transplanted kidney. The tumors in the native kidneys were discovered incidentally. Three were in organs removed for treatment of arterial hypertension and the other seven were found by ultrasonography. The tumor in the transplanted kidney was found after nephrectomy for the treatment of hematuria. The tumor types were clear cell in six, papillary in four, and chromophobe in one. Of the 9 patients who were treated with radical nephrectomy, 7 were alive with no evidence of the disease and 2 had died of other causes, also with no evidence of the disease. One patient who already had metastases at the diagnosis did not undergo surgery and died 4 months later.

CONCLUSIONS: The native kidneys of renal transplant patients should be examined by ultrasonography annually because they are at greater risk of renal cell carcinoma. Radical nephrectomy cures those cases in which the tumors are clinically localized and 6 cm or less in size.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"