The aryl hydrocarbon receptor-interacting protein gene is rarely mutated in sporadic GH-secreting adenomas

Takeo Iwata, Shozo Yamada, Noriko Mizusawa, Hossain Md Golam, Toshiaki Sano, Katsuhiko Yoshimoto
Clinical Endocrinology 2007, 66 (4): 499-502

BACKGROUND: Recently, germline mutations of aryl hydrocarbon receptor-interacting protein (AIP) gene located on 11q13 were identified in patients with pituitary adenoma predisposition. AIM/PATIENTS AND METHODS: We investigated the involvement of the AIP gene in one family with isolated familial somatotropinomas (IFS). To investigate the role of AIP in sporadic GH-secreting adenomas, we first analysed somatic mutations in 40 tumours. Second, DNA from corresponding leucocytes was analysed in tumours showing genetic changes of the AIP gene.

RESULTS: Germline mutation of AIP was found in an IFS family. Bi-allelic inactivation of AIP by a combination of germline mutation and loss of heterozygosity were confirmed in two pituitary adenomas. Mutation analysis of the AIP gene in the 40 sporadic GH-secreting adenomas showed no mutations except for a missense mutation, suggesting that germline mutations in patients diagnosed with sporadic acromegaly or gigantism were rare. In a patient with gigantism, a missense mutation of V49M was identified at the germline level.

CONCLUSION: Based on these results, we conclude that the loss of function of AIP contributes to IFS, but not for most Japanese sporadic GH-secreting adenomas.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"