JOURNAL ARTICLE

Polyamine metabolism and tumorigenesis in the Apc(Min/+) mouse

F G Berger, D L Kramer, C W Porter
Biochemical Society Transactions 2007, 35: 336-9
17371273
While polyamine homoeostasis is clearly important in maintenance of normal cell function, the roles of these cations, as well as the enzymes that regulate their metabolism, in the neoplastic process are not clear. In particular, the polyamine catabolic enzyme SSAT (spermidine/spermine N(1)-acetyltransferase) seems to have different roles in tumorigenesis, depending upon the particular system being analysed. In attempts to clarify the function of SSAT in tumour development, we have utilized the Apc(Min/+) mouse, which carries a mutant allele of the Apc (adenomatous polyposis coli) gene, rendering it susceptible to the formation of multiple adenomas in the small intestine and colon. Using genetically engineered animals (i.e. transgenic and knockout mice), we have shown that SSAT acts as a tumour promoter in the Apc(Min/+) model. Modulation of tumorigenesis is not associated with changes in tissue levels of either spermidine or spermine. These findings, along with those made in other animal models of cancer, have prompted us to propose that metabolic flux through the polyamine biosynthetic and catabolic pathways, and the consequent changes in levels of various metabolites within the cell (i.e. the metabolome), is critical to tumour development. The metabolic flux model represents a novel way of thinking about the role of polyamines in cell physiology and the neoplastic process.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
17371273
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"