JOURNAL ARTICLE

Bone morphogenetic protein-2 acts upstream of myocyte-specific enhancer factor 2a to control embryonic cardiac contractility

Yue-Xiang Wang, Lin-Xi Qian, Dong Liu, Ling-Ling Yao, Qiu Jiang, Zhang Yu, Yong-Hao Gui, Tao P Zhong, Hou-Yan Song
Cardiovascular Research 2007 May 1, 74 (2): 290-303
17367767

OBJECTIVE: Cardiac contractility is regulated tightly as an extrinsic and intrinsic homeostatic mechanism to the heart. The molecular basis of the intrinsic system is largely unknown. Here, we test the hypothesis that bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) mediates embryonic cardiac contractility upstream of myocyte-specific enhancer factor 2A (MEF2A).

METHODS: The BMP-2 and MEF2A expression pattern was analyzed by RT-PCR, Western blotting, whole-mount in situ hybridization, and an in vivo transgenic approach. The cardiac phenotype of BMP-2 and MEF2A knock-down zebrafish embryos was analysed. Cardiac contractions were recorded with a video camera. Myofibrillar organization was observed with transmission electron microscopy. Gene expression profiles were performed by quantitative real-time PCR analysis.

RESULTS: We demonstrate that BMP-2 and MEF2A are co-expressed in embryonic and neonatal cardiac myocytes. Furthermore, we provide evidence that BMP-2 is required for cardiac contractility in vitro and in vivo and that MEF2A expression can be activated by BMP-2 signaling in neonatal cardiomyocytes. BMP-2 is involved in the assembly of the cardiac contractile apparatus. Finally, we find that exogenous MEF2A is sufficient to rescue ventricular contractility defects in the absence of BMP-2 function.

CONCLUSIONS: In all, these observations indicate that BMP-2 and MEF2A are key components of a pathway that controls the cardiac ventricular contractility and suggest that the BMP2-MEF2A pathway can offer new opportunities for the treatment of heart failure.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
17367767
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"