Survivin and b7-h1 are collaborative predictors of survival and represent potential therapeutic targets for patients with renal cell carcinoma

Amy E Krambeck, Haidong Dong, R Houston Thompson, Susan M Kuntz, Christine M Lohse, Bradley C Leibovich, Michael L Blute, Thomas J Sebo, John C Cheville, Alexander S Parker, Eugene D Kwon
Clinical Cancer Research 2007 March 15, 13 (6): 1749-56

PURPOSE: Clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) is an immunogenic tumor that can progress in the presence of an intact host immune system. We previously reported that survivin and B7-H1 are independently associated with disease progression and death when expressed by ccRCC tumors. Herein, we examine the clinical effect of ccRCC combined expression of both survivin and B7-H1.

EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Specimens from 298 patients who underwent nephrectomy for ccRCC between 1990 and 1994 were immunohistochemically stained for survivin and B7-H1. Cancer-specific survival was estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method. Associations of both markers with ccRCC death were assessed using Cox proportional hazards regression models.

RESULTS: At last follow-up, 94 patients died from ccRCC. Among the living patients, the median follow-up was 11.2 years (range, 0-15 years). There were 177 (59.4%) survivin(Low)/B7-H1(-), 51 (17.1%) survivin(Hi)/B7-H1(-), 29 (9.7%) survivin(Low)/B7-H1(+), and 41 (13.8%) survivin(Hi)/B7-H1(+) tumors. The 5-year cancer-specific survival rates for patients within each group were 89.3%, 59.7%, 70.0%, and 16.2%, respectively. Combined survivin(Hi)/B7-H1(+) expression was associated with ccRCC death univariately (risk ratio, 12.82; 95% confidence interval, 7.50-21.92; P < 0.001) and in multivariate analysis (risk ratio, 2.81; 95% confidence interval, 1.56-5.04; P < 0.001). Survivin(Hi)/B7-H1(+) tumors exhibited increased levels of infiltrating mononuclear cells and survivin-specific T cells compared with survivin(Low)/B7-H1(-) tumors.

CONCLUSION: Patients with survivin(Hi)/B7-H1(+) ccRCC tumors are at increased risk of ccRCC death. Survivin(Hi)/B7-H1(+) tumors also harbor increased amounts of infiltrating mononuclear cells and survivin-specific T cells relative to survivin(Low)/B7-H1(-) tumors. Taken together, dual expression of survivin and B7-H1 can be used to predict ccRCC tumor aggressiveness.

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