Bortezomib, but not cisplatin, induces mitochondria-dependent apoptosis accompanied by up-regulation of noxa in the non-small cell lung cancer cell line NCI-H460

Jens Voortman, Agnieszka Checinska, Giuseppe Giaccone, Jose A Rodriguez, Frank A E Kruyt
Molecular Cancer Therapeutics 2007, 6 (3): 1046-53
Defects in the apoptotic machinery may contribute to chemoresistance of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells. We have previously showed a deficiency in mitochondria-dependent caspase-9 activation in NSCLC H460 cells after exposure to cisplatin, a drug widely used to treat NSCLC. Here we show that, unlike cisplatin, the novel anticancer agent bortezomib efficiently induces caspase-9 activation and apoptosis in H460 cells. A comparative analysis of molecular events underlying cell death in bortezomib-treated versus cisplatin-treated H460 cells revealed that bortezomib, but not cisplatin, caused a rapid and abundant release of cytochrome c and Smac/DIABLO from mitochondria. This was associated with a marked increase in levels of the BH3-only proapoptotic protein Noxa and the antiapoptotic protein Mcl-1. Taken together, our data show that bortezomib, by promoting a proapoptotic shift in the levels of proteins involved in mitochondrial outer-membrane permeabilization, is a potent activator of the mitochondrial pathway of apoptosis in NSCLC cells. Our preclinical results support further investigation of bortezomib-based therapies as a possible new treatment modality for NSCLC.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"