[Physiopathology of bacterial translocation and spontaneous bacterial peritonitis in cirrhosis]

Rosario González Alonso, Mónica González García, Agustín Albillos Martínez
Gastroenterología y Hepatología 2007, 30 (2): 78-84
The key pathogenic mechanism initiating spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) is bacterial translocation (BT), a process through which enteric bacteria cross the intestinal barrier and infect the mesenteric lymph nodes, thus entering the blood circulation and ascitic fluid. The high rate of bacterial translocation in cirrhosis is due to injury to the three pilars composing the intestinal mucosal barrier (the balance of intraluminal bacterial flora, the integrity of the intestinal epithelial barrier, and the local immune system). Blood dissemination and microbial growth in ascitic fluid resulting from SBP are a consequence of damage to the immune system in cirrhosis. Hyperproduction of proinflammatory cytokines and other vasoactive substances contributes to the arterial vasodilation and renal failure that frequently complicate the course of SBP. Even in the absence of SBP, translocation of bacteria and bacterial products from the intestinal lumen contribute to systemic inactivation of immune cells in cirrhosis.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"