RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Limitations of therapy and a guarded prognosis in an American cohort of Takayasu arteritis patients.

OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical, laboratory, and radiographic manifestations of Takayasu arteritis (TA) in a cohort from the US, evaluate the response to interventions, remission and relapse rates, and disease progression, and compare these observations with those from other cohorts in the US, Japan, India, Italy, and Mexico.

METHODS: Seventy-five patients were retrospectively studied using a uniform database that included clinical, laboratory, and imaging data. Vascular imaging studies were performed at least yearly to monitor disease progression.

RESULTS: Common manifestations at disease onset included loss or asymmetry of pulses (57%), limb blood pressure discrepancy (53%), and bruits (53%). Eleven percent of patients were asymptomatic prior to disease diagnosis. Initial angiographic studies showed aortic abnormalities in 79% of patients and frequent involvement of the subclavian (65%) and carotid (43%) arteries.Ninety-three percent of longitudinally followed patients attained disease remission of any duration, but only 28% sustained remission of at least 6 months' duration after prednisone was tapered to <10 mg daily. Both angioplasty and vascular surgery were initially successful, but recurrent stenosis occurred in 78% of angioplasty and 36% of bypass/reconstruction procedures. More than two-thirds of patients had difficulty performing routine daily activities and approximately one-fourth of all patients were unable to work. Our cohort was similar to the National Institutes of Health, Italian, Japanese, and Mexican cohorts in terms of the predominance of female subjects and disease manifestations, but differed from the Indian cohort in that the latter group had a higher frequency of male subjects, abdominal aorta and renal artery involvement, and hypertension.

CONCLUSION: Although improvement of symptoms in TA usually follows glucocorticoid therapy, relapses usually occur with dosage reduction. Attempts to restore vascular patency are often initially successful, but restenosis occurs frequently. Chronic morbidity and disability occur in most patients with TA in the US.

Full text links

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Group 7SearchHeart failure treatmentPapersTopicsCollectionsEffects of Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter 2 Inhibitors for the Treatment of Patients With Heart Failure Importance: Only 1 class of glucose-lowering agents-sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors-has been reported to decrease the risk of cardiovascular events primarily by reducingSeptember 1, 2017: JAMA CardiologyAssociations of albuminuria in patients with chronic heart failure: findings in the ALiskiren Observation of heart Failure Treatment study.CONCLUSIONS: Increased UACR is common in patients with heart failure, including non-diabetics. Urinary albumin creatininineJul, 2011: European Journal of Heart FailureRandomized Controlled TrialEffects of Liraglutide on Clinical Stability Among Patients With Advanced Heart Failure and Reduced Ejection Fraction: A Randomized Clinical Trial.Review

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Read by QxMD is copyright © 2021 QxMD Software Inc. All rights reserved. By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app