JOURNAL ARTICLE

No alterations in the frequency of FOXP3+ regulatory T-cells in type 1 diabetes

Todd Brusko, Clive Wasserfall, Kieran McGrail, Richard Schatz, Hilla Lee Viener, Desmond Schatz, Michael Haller, Jennifer Rockell, Peter Gottlieb, Michael Clare-Salzler, Mark Atkinson
Diabetes 2007, 56 (3): 604-12
17327427
Regulatory T-cells (Tregs) play a critical role in maintaining dominant peripheral tolerance. Previous characterizations of Tregs in type 1 diabetes have used antibodies against CD4 and alpha-chain of the interleukin-2 receptor complex (CD25). This report extends those investigations by the addition of a more lineage-specific marker for Tregs, transcription factor forkhead box P3 (FOXP3), in subjects with type 1 diabetes, their first-degree relatives, and healthy control subjects. With inclusion of this marker, two predominant populations of CD4(+)CD25(+) T-cells were identified: CD4(+)CD25(+)FOXP3(+) as well as CD4(+)FOXP3(-) T-cells expressing low levels of CD25 (CD4(+)CD25(LOW)FOXP3(-)). In all study groups, the frequency of CD4(+)CD25(+)FOXP3(+) cells was age independent, whereas CD4(+)CD25(LOW)FOXP3(-) cell frequencies strongly associated with age. In terms of additional markers for delineating cells of Treg lineage, FOXP3(+) cells were CD127(-) to CD127(LOW) whereas CD25(+) cells were less restricted in their expression of this marker, with CD127 expressed across a continuum of levels. Importantly, no differences were observed in the frequency of CD4(+)CD25(+)FOXP3(+) T-cells in individuals with or at varying degrees of risk for type 1 diabetes. These investigations suggest that altered peripheral blood frequencies of Tregs, as defined by the expression of FOXP3, are not specifically associated with type 1 diabetes and continue to highlight age as an important variable in analysis of immune regulation.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
17327427
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"