JOURNAL ARTICLE

Increased cortical recruitment in Huntington's disease using a Simon task

Nellie Georgiou-Karistianis, Anusha Sritharan, Maree Farrow, Ross Cunnington, Julie Stout, John Bradshaw, Andrew Churchyard, Tamara-Leigh Brawn, Phyllis Chua, Edmond Chiu, Dhananjay Thiruvady, Gary Egan
Neuropsychologia 2007 April 9, 45 (8): 1791-800
17321554
Cognitive deficits in Huntington's disease (HD) have been attributed to neuronal degeneration within the striatum; however, postmortem and structural imaging studies have revealed more widespread morphological changes. To examine the impact of HD-related changes in regions outside the striatum, we used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) in HD to examine brain activation patterns using a Simon task that required a button press response to either congruent or incongruent arrow stimuli. Twenty mild to moderate stage HD patients and 17 healthy controls were scanned using a 3T GE scanner. Data analysis involved the use of statistical parametric mapping software with a random effects analysis model to investigate group differences brain activation patterns compared to baseline. HD patients recruited frontal and parietal cortical regions to perform the task, and also showed significantly greater activation, compared to controls, in the caudal anterior cingulate, insula, inferior parietal lobules, superior temporal gyrus bilaterally, right inferior frontal gyrus, right precuneus/superior parietal lobule, left precentral gyrus, and left dorsal premotor cortex. The significantly increased activation in anterior cingulate-frontal-motor-parietal cortex in HD may represent a primary dysfunction due to direct cell loss or damage in cortical regions, and/or a secondary compensatory mechanism of increased cortical recruitment due to primary striatal deficits.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
17321554
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"