Generation and characterization of antigen-specific CD4+, CD8+, and CD4+CD8+ T-cell clones from patients with carbamazepine hypersensitivity

Ying Wu, John Farrell, Munir Pirmohamed, B Kevin Park, Dean J Naisbitt
Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology 2007, 119 (4): 973-81

BACKGROUND: Hypersensitivity is a serious manifestation of anticonvulsant therapy characterized by infiltration of the epidermis and dermis by activated CD8(+) and CD4(+) T-cells, respectively. Attempts to characterize drug-specific CD8(+) T cells have been largely unsuccessful.

OBJECTIVES: The aim of these studies was to generate and characterize CD4(+), CD8(+), and CD4(+)CD8(+) T cells in patients with carbamazepine hypersensitivity.

METHODS: Carbamazepine-specific T-cell clones were generated from 5 patients by using modified cloning methodologies. Cell surface receptor phenotype, functionality, and mechanisms of antigen presentation were then compared.

RESULTS: Ninety CD4(+), 23 CD8(+), and 14 CD4(+)CD8(+) carbamazepine-specific T-cell clones were generated. CD4(+) T-cell clones proliferated vigorously with carbamazepine associated with MHC class II but exhibited little cytotoxic activity. In contrast, most CD8(+) T cells proliferated weakly but effectively killed target cells via an MHC class I or MHC class II restricted, perforin-dependent pathway. CD4(+)CD8(+) T cells displayed characteristics similar to those of CD4(+) T cells; however, drug stimulation was demonstrable in the absence of antigen-presenting cells. Carbamazepine was presented to CD4(+), CD8(+), and CD4(+)CD8(+) T cells in the absence of antigen processing. Drug stimulation resulted in the secretion of IFN-gamma and IL-5. A panel of CD11a(+)CD27(-) clones differentially expressed the receptors CXCR4, CCR4, CCR5, CCR8, CCR9, and CCR10.

CONCLUSION: Carbamazepine-specific CD4(+), CD8(+), and CD4(+)CD8(+) T cells exist in the peripheral circulation of hypersensitive patients, often many years after the resolution of clinical manifestations.

CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS: Carbamazepine-specific CD4(+), CD8(+), and CD4(+)CD8(+) T cells displaying different effector functions and homing characteristics persist in hypersensitive patients' blood for many years after resolution of clinical symptoms.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Available on the App Store

Available on the Play Store
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"