Modified thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (TIMI) risk score to risk stratify patients in the emergency department with possible acute coronary syndrome

Zehra Jaffery, Michael P Hudson, Gordon Jacobsen, Richard Nowak, James McCord
Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis 2007, 24 (2): 137-44

OBJECTIVE: To assess the prognostic utility of the Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) risk score in patients in the emergency department (ED) evaluated for possible acute coronary syndrome (ACS).

BACKGROUND: The ability of the TIMI risk score to risk stratify patients at initial presentation in the ED with chest pain of unclear etiology is uncertain.

METHODS: We investigated the prognostic utility of the TIMI risk score in 947 consecutive patients evaluated in the ED for possible ACS. A multivariate analysis was done to evaluate the independent predictive power of the individual components of the TIMI risk score to predict an adverse event at 30 days (all-cause death, myocardial infarction, and coronary revascularization).

RESULTS: There were 151 (16%) patients diagnosed with ACS. At 30 days there were 48 (5%) deaths, 84 (9%) myocardial infarctions, and 49 (5%) coronary revascularization procedures. The mean TIMI risk score was significantly higher in patients with an adverse event compared with those without (2.6 +/- 1.3 vs. 1.7 +/- 1.2, P < 0.0001). Four of the 7 TIMI risk factors (age > or = 65 years, ST segment deviation > or = 0.5 mm elevated troponin I, and coronary stenosis > or = 50%) were independently associated with adverse events. A simplified TIMI risk score was computed and was found to have similar prognostic ability as the 7 variable TIMI risk score.

CONCLUSION: A modified TIMI risk score may simplify risk stratification of ED patients with undifferentiated chest pain.

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