JOURNAL ARTICLE

Radical prostatectomy for clinical stage T3a disease

Stephen J Freedland, Alan W Partin, Elizabeth B Humphreys, Leslie A Mangold, Patrick C Walsh
Cancer 2007 April 1, 109 (7): 1273-8
17315165

BACKGROUND: Men with clinical stage T3a disease are at high risk and are often encouraged to undergo radiation therapy with concomitant hormonal therapy. The long-term outcomes among men treated with radical prostatectomy for clinical stage T3a disease were examined.

METHODS: Among 3397 men treated by radical prostatectomy by 1 surgeon between 1987 and 2003, 62 (1.8%) men were identified who had clinical stage T3a disease. Among the 56 men not treated with neoadjuvant or adjuvant therapies before prostate-specific antigen (PSA) recurrence, the long-term outcomes of PSA-free survival, metastasis-free survival, and prostate cancer specific survival were examined. Median and mean follow-up after surgery were 10.3 and 13 years, respectively (range, 1-17).

RESULTS: Ninety-one percent of men in this group had pathological T3 disease. PSA-free survival at 15 years after surgery was 49%. Metastasis-free survival and cause-specific survival at 15 years after surgery were 73% and 84%, respectively. Among men with a PSA recurrence, 46% received secondary therapy before metastasis. The only preoperative or pathological feature that predicted risk of prostate cancer death was lymph node metastasis (hazard ratio [HR]: 9.22, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.06-80.02, P = .044). Among the 28 men with a PSA recurrence, PSA doubling time (PSADT) data were available for 23, of which 11 (48%) has a PSADT >/=9 months. No patient with a PSADT >/=9 months died of prostate cancer. A PSADT <9 months was significantly associated with increased risk of prostate cancer death (log-rank, P = .004).

CONCLUSIONS: In a select cohort of men with clinical stage T3a disease, radical prostatectomy alone provides long-term cancer control in about half of the men and results in a prostate cancer-specific survival of 84%. Among men with a PSA recurrence, PSADT at the time of recurrence is a useful determinant of risk of prostate cancer death.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
17315165
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"