Clinical, anatomic, and electrophysiologic evaluation following intravitreal bevacizumab for macular edema in retinal vein occlusion

Sivakami A Pai, Rohit Shetty, Priya B Vijayan, G Venkatasubramaniam, Naresh K Yadav, Bhujang K Shetty, Rajesh B Babu, Kannan M Narayana
American Journal of Ophthalmology 2007, 143 (4): 601-6

PURPOSE: To investigate clinical, anatomic, and electrophysiologic response after single intravitreal injection of bevacizumab for macular edema attributable to retinal vein occlusion.

DESIGN: Prospective nonrandomized, interventional case series.

METHODS: Twenty-one patients with macular edema attributable to vein occlusion received intravitreal injection of bevacizumab 1.25 mg. Nine patients had central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO), and 12 patients had branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO). Complete ophthalmic examination including optical coherence tomography (OCT) was done at baseline and follow-up visits. Fifteen patients underwent fluorescein angiography at baseline. Selected patients underwent electroretinography (ERG) and visual evoked potential (VEP) at baseline and follow-up. Follow-up was for 12 weeks.

RESULTS: At baseline, mean visual acuity was 20/381 (median, 20/400) and showed improvement to mean 20/135 (median, 20/60) after one month, (P = .001). At 12 weeks, mean visual acuity was 20/178 (median, 20/80) (P = .001). The mean central retinal thickness (CRT) was 647.81 microm (median, 609.00 microm) at baseline and decreased to mean 293.43 microm (median, 222.00 microm) at one month (P = .001). At 12 weeks, mean CRT was 320.90 mum (median, 280.00 microm) (P = .001). ERG and VEP showed no worsening of the waveforms. There was no significant difference in the visual outcome between the BRVO and CRVO groups.

CONCLUSION: Intravitreal injection of bevacizumab appears to result in significant short-term improvement of visual acuity and macular edema secondary to vein occlusion. The present report confirms the previous studies. No ocular toxicity or adverse effects were observed. However, prospective, randomized, controlled long-term studies are required with an adequate number of patients.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"