Pulmonary rehabilitation improves depression, anxiety, dyspnea and health status in patients with COPD

Hildegarde Paz-Díaz, Maria Montes de Oca, Jose M López, Bartolome R Celli
American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation 2007, 86 (1): 30-6

OBJECTIVE: To determine the impact of an 8-wk program of comprehensive pulmonary rehabilitation on depression, anxiety, dyspnea, and health-related quality of life in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).

DESIGN: We studied 24 patients with severe COPD randomized either to pulmonary rehabilitation (PR), (n = 10; FEV1 30 +/- 9%) or control (C; n = 14; FEV1 34 +/- 11%). The PR program included disease education, energy conservation techniques, relaxation, and exercise including 20-min arm elevation with dumbbells and 20-min leg exercise sessions three times a week for 8 wks. At baseline and after completion of the program, all patients were evaluated using the Beck Depression Inventory, State Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), Modified Medical Research Council Scale (MRC), and St. George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ).

RESULTS: After PR, there was a significant improvement in the severity of depression (P < 0.01), a decrease in symptoms (P < 0.05), an increase in daily living activities (P < 0.05), and a decrease in the total score of the SGRO (P < 0.01). Dyspnea measured by the MRC scale was significantly better in the PR group (P < 0.01).

CONCLUSIONS: The present study shows that in patients with severe COPD, pulmonary rehabilitation induces important changes on depression and anxiety independent of changes in dyspnea and health-related quality-of-life.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"