Tolerability to nabumetone and meloxicam in patients with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug intolerance

Alicia Prieto, Manuel De Barrio, Elena Martín, María Fernández-Bohórquez, Francisco Javier de Castro, Francisco Javier Ruiz, Teresa Herrero, Pilar Tornero, María Rubio
Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology 2007, 119 (4): 960-4

BACKGROUND: Because nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) intolerance depends on COX-1 inhibition, preferential or selective COX-2 inhibitors have been thought to be well tolerated by these patients.

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to evaluate tolerability to nabumetone and meloxicam in patients with NSAID intolerance.

METHODS: Seventy patients intolerant to NSAIDs were selected. Thirty subjects were patients with asthma with respiratory (rhinitis-asthma) intolerance to NSAIDs (group A); 40 patients (group B) had cutaneous-mucous (urticaria-angioedema) NSAID intolerance. Diagnosis was based on clinical histories in all patients, and it was confirmed by positive single-blind placebo-controlled oral challenge test in 36 patients. After written informed consent, a single-blind placebo-controlled oral challenge test with nabumetone in all patients (2 g except for 11 patients who reached 1 g) and meloxicam (15 mg) in 51 patients was performed.

RESULTS: Of the total selected, 94.3% tolerated 1 g nabumetone. In those who reached the 2-g dose, the tolerability was 83.6%. With respect to meloxicam, 96.1% of patients, tolerated 15 mg. No significant difference in nabumetone and meloxicam tolerability was observed between groups A and B.

CONCLUSION: The results of this study confirm a high percentage of tolerability to the maximum therapeutic dosage of nabumetone and meloxicam in patients with NSAID intolerance, both in those with cutaneous/mucous manifestations and in those with respiratory disease.

CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS: Nabumetone and meloxicam are safe alternatives in NSAID-intolerant patients.

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