Dendritic cells partially abrogate the regulatory activity of CD4+CD25+ T cells present in the human peripheral blood

Justin S Ahn, Deepa K Krishnadas, Babita Agrawal
International Immunology 2007, 19 (3): 227-37
The factors that influence the functionality of human CD4(+)CD25(+) regulatory T cells are not well understood. We sought to characterize the effects of dendritic cells (DCs) on the in vitro regulatory activity of CD4(+)CD25(+) T cells obtained from peripheral blood of healthy human donors. Flow cytometry showed that a higher proportion of CD4(+)CD25(+(High)) T cells expressed surface glucocorticoid-induced tumor necrosis factor receptor family-related protein (GITR) and CTL-associated antigen 4 than CD4(+)CD25(-) or CD4(+)CD25(+(Med-low)) T cells. Intracellular Foxp3 was equivalently expressed on CD4(+)CD25(+(All)), CD4(+)CD25(+(High)), CD4(+)CD25(+(Med-low)) and CD4(+)CD25(-) T cell populations, irrespective of GITR and CTL-associated antigen 4 expression. CD4(+)CD25(+) T cells were isolated and then cultured in vitro with CD4(+)CD25(-) responder T cells and stimulated with anti-CD3 antibodies, and immature dendritic cells (iDCs), mature dendritic cells (mDCs), PBMCs or PBMCs plus anti-CD28 antibodies to provide co-stimulation. In addition, secretion of the T(h)1 cytokine IFN-gamma, IL-2 and the immunoregulatory cytokines, IL-10 and transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta, were also assessed in these cultures. We found that iDCs and mDCs were capable of reversing the suppression of proliferation mediated by CD4(+)CD25(+) regulatory T cells. However, the reversal of suppression by DCs was not dependent upon the increase of IFN-gamma and IL-2 production or inhibition of IL-10 and/or TGF-beta production. Therefore, DCs are able to reverse the suppressive effect of regulatory T cells independent of cytokine production. These results suggest for the first time that human DCs possess unique abilities which allow them to influence the functions of regulatory T cells in order to provide fine-tuning in the regulation of T cell responses.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"