JOURNAL ARTICLE

[The effect of matrix metalloproteinase-9 in granulocyte colony stimulation factor-induced stem cell mobilization]

Feng-yan Jin, Lu-gui Qiu, Qiao-chuan Li, Heng-xing Meng, Ya-fei Wang, Zhen Yu, Qian Li, Jun-ling Han
Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal] 2006 November 14, 86 (42): 2966-70
17288807

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) on granulocyte colony stimulation factor (G-CSF)-induced hematopoietic stem/progenitor cell (HSPC) mobilization in healthy donors of hematopoietic stem cells.

METHODS: Peripheral blood (PB) samples and bone marrow (BM) blood samples were collected from 12 healthy donors of hematopoietic stem cell before and 5 days after G-CSF-induced mobilization. CD34(+) cells were isolated and purified. ELISA was used to detect the protein expression of MMP-9 in the peripheral blood and BM blood of the healthy donors. The protein expression of MMP-9 in the BM blood was detected by ELISA and immunohistochemistry, and the stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1) level in the BM blood was detected by ELISA. The mRNA expression of MMP-9 in the BM blood samples was detected by RT-PCR. HT1080 cells rich in MMP-9 were cultured. CD34(+) cells were co-cultured with the supernatant of HT1080 cell culture fluid. CD34(+) cells cultured in Iscove's modified Dulbecco's medium were used as control group. Fluorescence-activated cell sorter was used to detect the CXCR4 expression on the surface of the CD34(+) cells. In the transwell experiment CD34(+) cells were divided into 4 groups: control group, o-phenanthroline (MMP-9 chemical inhibitor, MPI) group, HT1080 sup group, and HT1080 + MPI group to be co-cultured with buffer, o-phenanthroline, supernatant of culture fluid of HT1080 cells, or supernatant of culture fluid of HT1080 cells Flow cytometry was used to calculate the cell migration capacity.

RESULTS: The MMP-9 level of BM and PB of the healthy donors 5 days after G-CSF mobilization were 278 ng/ml +/- 34 ng/ml and 392 ng/ml +/- 284 ng/ml respectively, both significantly higher than those before G-CSF mobilization (42 ng/ml +/- 17 ng/ml and 27 ng/ml +/- 12 ng/ml respectively (P < 0.01 and P < 0.05). Western blotting showed that the SDF-1 level in the supernatant 5 days after G-CSF mobilization was 5.9 ng/ml +/- 1.0 ng/ml, significantly lower than that before G-CSF mobilization (7.2 ng/ml +/- 0.7 ng/ml, P < 0.05). The CXCR4 levels of the CD34(+) cell from both PB and BM blood were up-regulated after co-culture with the supernatant of HT1080 cells (both P < 0.05). The migration capacity of CD34(+) cells cultured in the supernatant of HT1080 cells was increased significantly (P < 0.05), however, this effect could be inhibited by MIP (P < 0.05). The PB WBC numbers of the G-CSF group and G-CSF + MPI group were 14.9 x 10(6)/L +/- 4.3 x 10(6)/L and 12.3 x 10(6)/L +/- 1.2 x 10(6)/L respectively, the PB WBC numbers of the G-CSF + MPI group was significantly lower than that of the G-CSF group (P < 0.05), however, significantly higher than that of the negative control group (6.8 x 10(6)/L +/- 2.5 x 10(6)/L, P < 0.05). The CFU of the G-CSF group was (84 +/- 10) U/2 x 10(5) MNC, significantly higher than that of the G-CSF + MPI group, (69 +/- 3) U/2 x 10(5) MNC (P < 0.05). The BM MNC number of the G-CSF group was 12.7 x 10(6)/L +/- 0.7 x 10(6)/L, not significantly different from that of the G-CSF + MPI groups (13.1 x 10(6)/L +/- 1.3 x 10(6)/L; P > 0.05).

CONCLUSION: MMP-9 probably facilitates HSPC mobilization by degrading SDF-1, up-regulating CXCR4 expression on the CD34(+) cells, and increasing the migration ability of CD34(+) cells.

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