Contribution of the NOD1/CARD4 insertion/deletion polymorphism +32656 to inflammatory bowel disease in Northern Europe

J Van Limbergen, R K Russell, E R Nimmo, L Törkvist, C W Lees, H E Drummond, L Smith, N H Anderson, P M Gillett, P McGrogan, K Hassan, L T Weaver, W M Bisset, G Mahdi, I D Arnott, U Sjöqvist, M Lördal, S M Farrington, M G Dunlop, D C Wilson, J Satsangi
Inflammatory Bowel Diseases 2007, 13 (7): 882-9

BACKGROUND: NOD1/CARD4 and NOD2/CARD15 are both intracellular pattern-recognition receptors. The NOD1/CARD4 gene lies within a previously described inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) locus (7p14). An association has been suggested between the NOD1/CARD4+32656 deletion*1 variant of a complex deletion*1/insertion*2 polymorphism and IBD in 1 recent study in Europe. Our aim was to assess the influence of NOD1/CARD4+32656 on disease susceptibility and phenotype in the Scottish and Swedish IBD populations.

METHODS: A total of 3,962 individuals (1,791 IBD patients, 522 parents, 1,649 healthy controls) from 2 independent populations (Scotland and Sweden) were genotyped for NOD1/CARD4+32656 A/C by TaqMan and direct sequencing. Case-control, Transmission Disequilibrium Testing (TDT) and detailed genotype-phenotype (Montreal) analyses were performed. The case-control analysis had 80% power to detect an effect size of odds ratio (OR) 1.21 for IBD.

RESULTS: In case-control analyses in Scottish and Swedish patients, none of the genotypes studied in IBD, Crohn's disease (CD) or ulcerative colitis (UC), differed significantly from controls (deletion*1 allelic frequency 73.9%, 73.6%, 73.9%, and 73.6%, respectively: all P > 0.8). No epistatic interaction with NOD2/CARD15 was seen for CD susceptibility. TDT analysis in our Scottish early onset cohort was negative.

CONCLUSIONS: This variant allele of NOD1/CARD4+32656 is not associated with a strong effect on susceptibility to IBD in children and adults in Northern Europe. A gene-wide haplotype-based approach may be preferable to analysis of individual variants to assess the contribution of the NOD1/CARD4 gene to IBD.


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