Distribution of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in water, suspended particulate matter and sediment from Daliao River watershed, China

Wei Guo, Mengchang He, Zhifeng Yang, Chunye Lin, Xiangchun Quan, Haozheng Wang
Chemosphere 2007, 68 (1): 93-104
This study investigated the spatial distribution of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in surface water, suspended particulate matter (SPM) and sediment of Daliao River watershed composed of the Hun River, Taizi River, and Daliao River. The sources of PAHs were evaluated employing ratios of specific PAHs compounds and principal component analysis (PCA). The total concentrations of PAHs ranged from 946.1 to 13448.5 ng l(-1) in surface water, from 317.5 to 238518.7 ng g(-1) dry weight in SPM, and from 61.9 to 840.5 ng g(-1) dry weight in sediments. The levels of PAHs are relatively higher in water and SPM, and lower in sediments, in comparison with those reported for other rivers and marine systems around the world. The composition of PAHs in these mediums was mainly 4-6 rings PAHs. The higher contents of low molecular weight PAHs in the water and SPM suggest a relatively recent local source of PAHs, entered into the river via wastewater discharge and atmospheric way. On the other hand, the heavy pollution of PAHs in sediment and water near heavy industrial area suggests that PAHs have been released from industrial wastewater.

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