Clinical assessment of superior glenoid labral lesions: a systematic review

Grant L Jones, David B Galluch
Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research 2007, 455: 45-51
Superior labral anterior posterior (SLAP) lesions of the glenoid have proven difficult to diagnose clinically. SLAP-lesion-specific physical examination tests have been developed to improve clinical acumen. Initial reported performance of these tests has not been reproduced by independent investigation. We hypothesized SLAP-specific physical examination tests could not provide a definitive diagnosis of a SLAP lesion. We further intended to elucidate factors responsible for the variable performance of SLAP-specific tests. A review of the literature through Medline and Embase database searches was conducted. All studies with level of evidence of III or better involved in the reporting of diagnostic accuracy of SLAP-specific physical examination tests were included and reviewed. Each instance of independent evaluation of a SLAP-specific examination showed poorer examination performance than in the originating study. Considerable variability existed between independent evaluations of a given SLAP-specific examination as well. We concluded SLAP-specific physical examination results cannot be used as the sole basis of a diagnosis of a SLAP lesion. Differences in patient populations between studies and the accompanying differences in SLAP lesion prevalence and comorbid conditions played the greatest role in test result variance.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"