Survival analysis of 130 patients with papillary renal cell carcinoma: prognostic utility of type 1 and type 2 subclassification

Géraldine Pignot, Caroline Elie, Sophie Conquy, Annick Vieillefond, Thierry Flam, Marc Zerbib, Bernard Debré, Delphine Amsellem-Ouazana
Urology 2007, 69 (2): 230-5

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the prognostic significance of subtyping papillary renal cell carcinoma (PRCC) into type 1 and type 2 tumors.

METHODS: From 1995 to 2004, 1358 patients underwent surgery for renal cell carcinoma, of whom 130 had PRCC alone on the specimen. The tumor characteristics, including their subtype, were analyzed; small basophilic cells and large eosinophilic cells were defined type 1 and type 2 tumors, respectively. Survival analyses were performed retrospectively.

RESULTS: Of the 130 patients (110 men and 20 women, mean age 60.6 +/- 15.3 years) with PRCC, 102 underwent radical nephrectomy (78.4%) and 28 underwent partial nephrectomy (21.6%). The median tumor size was 4.5 cm (range 0.5 to 21). The comparison of the 68 (52.3%) type 1 PRCCs and 62 (47.7%) type 2 PRCCs revealed that type 2 tumors were associated with a greater stage and grade and microvascular invasion significantly (P <0.001) more often. The median follow-up was 48 months (range 2 to 111). Of the 130 patients, 22 died of cancer-specific causes, 5 (7%) with type 1 and 17 (27%) with type 2 tumors (P = 0.002). The overall and disease-free survival rate was 89% and 92% in type 1 tumors and 55% and 44% in type 2 tumors, respectively. Univariate analysis identified tumor type, stage (P <0.001), grade (P <0.001), microvascular invasion (P <0.001), an absence of foam cells (P <0.001), the presence of sarcomatoid cells (P = 0.001), and tumor necrosis (P = 0.007) as prognostic factors. Multivariate analysis retained tumor type (P = 0.034) and TNM stage (P <0.001).

CONCLUSIONS: The results of our study have shown that histologic subtyping of PRCC allows for the identification of an independent prognostic factor.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"