Adipocyte differentiation of human marrow mesenchymal stem cells reduces the supporting capacity for hematopoietic progenitors but not for severe combined immunodeficiency repopulating cells

Nobuhiko Ookura, Yoshihiro Fujimori, Keisuke Nishioka, Shunro Kai, Hiroshi Hara, Hiroyasu Ogawa
International Journal of Molecular Medicine 2007, 19 (3): 387-92
Bone marrow stromal cells provide a microenvironment for hematopoiesis. Adipocytes are the major stromal cell phenotype in bone marrow, but their function in hematopoiesis is poorly understood. In this study, we compared the hematopoietic-supporting capacity of adipocytes and their progenitor, mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), by culturing human cord blood (CB) CD34+CD38- hematopoietic progenitor cells (HPCs) on a layer of adipocytes or MSCs. CB CD34+CD38- cells cultured on MSCs generated higher proportions of CD34+CD38- HPCs and colony-forming cells than those cultures on a layer of adipocytes, indicating an inferior hematopoietic support by adipocytes. However, CB CD34+CD38- HPCs cultured on MSCs and adipocytes were equally capable of reconstituting human hematopoiesis in non-obese diabetic/severe combined immunodeficient disease (NOD/SCID) mice. These findings show that differentiation of MSCs into adipocytes is accompanied by the loss of capacity to support mature HPCs, but not transplantable SCID-repopulating cells.

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