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JOURNAL ARTICLE

[The hearing manifestations of 350 patients of AIDS]

Ying Wang, Haibo Yang, Mingmin Dong
Lin Chuang Er Bi Yan Hou Ke za Zhi, Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology 2006, 20 (22): 1020-1
17260726

OBJECTIVE: To asses hearing loss in patients infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and its relationship with AIDS clinical stage.

METHOD: Pure-tone audiometry was carried out in 350 HIV-infected patients determined by ELISA and KIP methods.

RESULT: Among 350 HIV positive patients, 45. 4% (159 case) had hearing loss. The incidence was higher than that (69/350, 19. 7%) in control group. There were 56 cases of sensorineural hearing loss,34 cases of conductive hearing loss and 69 cases of mixed type. Forty-nine patients suffered mild hearing loss with threshold of (30+/-5) dBHL on average, 69 cases suffered moderate hearing loss with threshold of (54+/-7)dBHL and 41 cases suffered severe hearing loss with threshold of (84+/-9)dBHL. The hearing loss was dominant at high frequencies [(37+/-78) : 44, P <0. 05], while it had no relationship with the severity of the AIDS disease itself( P >0. 05).

CONCLUSION: The hearing loss was dominant at high frequencies in HIV infected patients, while it may have no relationship with the severity of the AIDS disease itself.

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