A novel anti-inflammatory function of human galectin-1: inhibition of hematopoietic progenitor cell mobilization

Judit Kiss, Aliz Kunstár, Roberta Fajka-Boja, Valeria Dudics, József Tóvári, Adám Légrádi, Eva Monostori, Ferenc Uher
Experimental Hematology 2007, 35 (2): 305-13

OBJECTIVE: The immunosuppressive and anti-inflammatory activity of mammalian galectin-1 (Gal-1) has been well established in experimental in vivo animal models and in vitro studies. Since the proliferation and migration of leukocytes represent a necessary and important step in response to the inflammatory insult, we have investigated whether Gal-1 affects the mobilization of hematopoietic progenitor cells (HPC) induced by cyclophosphamide (CY) and granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF).

METHODS: Bone marrow HPCs were mobilized with CY/G-CSF or CY/G-CSF plus human recombinant Gal-1 in BDF1 mice. Bone marrow (BM) and blood cells were taken at different time points and analyzed for their in vivo repopulating ability in lethally irradiated syngeneic animals. The number of myeloid progenitor cells in BM and blood samples was determined by colony-forming cell assay. Expression of surface markers (Sca-1, CD3epsilon, CD45R/B220, Ter-119, GR-1, and CD11b) on nucleated marrow cells was measured by flow cytometry. The lymphocytes, granulocytes, and monocytes in blood samples were counted after Giemsa staining.

RESULTS: Gal-1 dramatically inhibited CY/G-CSF-induced HPC migration to the periphery as well as decreased peripheral neutrophilia and monocytosis in a dose- and time-dependent manner. In contrast, Gal-1 itself stimulated HPC expansion and accumulation within the BM. The presence of the lectin for inhibition of HPC mobilization was essential during the second half of the treatment. Moreover, Gal-1 inhbited transendothelial migration of BM-derived HPCs in response to SDF-1 in vitro.

CONCLUSION: Gal-1 blocked BM progenitor cell migration induced by CY/G-CSF treatment, indicating a novel anti-inflammatory function of the lectin. We suggest that the inhibition of HPC mobilization occurs mainly via obstructing the transendothelial migration of BM-derived cells including primitive hematopoietic and committed myeloid progenitor cells and mature granulocytes and monocytes.

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