JOURNAL ARTICLE

Daily electronic portal imaging of implanted gold seed fiducials in patients undergoing radiotherapy after radical prostatectomy

Daniel C Schiffner, Alexander R Gottschalk, Michael Lometti, Michele Aubin, Jean Pouliot, Joycelyn Speight, I-Chow Hsu, Katsuto Shinohara, Mack Roach
International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics 2007 February 1, 67 (2): 610-9
17236978

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to measure interfraction prostate bed motion, setup error, and total positioning error in 10 consecutive patients undergoing postprostatectomy radiotherapy.

METHODS AND MATERIALS: Daily image-guided target localization and alignment using electronic portal imaging of gold seed fiducials implanted into the prostate bed under transrectal ultrasound guidance was used in 10 patients undergoing adjuvant or salvage radiotherapy after prostatectomy. Prostate bed motion, setup error, and total positioning error were measured by analysis of gold seed fiducial location on the daily electronic portal images compared with the digitally reconstructed radiographs from the treatment-planning CT.

RESULTS: Mean (+/- standard deviation) prostate bed motion was 0.3 +/- 0.9 mm, 0.4 +/- 2.4 mm, and -1.1 +/- 2.1 mm in the left-right (LR), superior-inferior (SI), and anterior-posterior (AP) axes, respectively. Mean set-up error was 0.1 +/- 4.5 mm, 1.1 +/- 3.9 mm, and -0.2 +/- 5.1 mm in the LR, SI, and AP axes, respectively. Mean total positioning error was 0.2 +/- 4.5 mm, 1.2 +/- 5.1 mm, and -0.3 +/- 4.5 mm in the LR, SI, and AP axes, respectively. Total positioning errors >5 mm occurred in 14.1%, 38.7%, and 28.2% of all fractions in the LR, SI, and AP axes, respectively. There was no significant migration of the gold marker seeds.

CONCLUSIONS: This study validates the use of daily image-guided target localization and alignment using electronic portal imaging of implanted gold seed fiducials as a valuable method to correct for interfraction target motion and to improve precision in the delivery of postprostatectomy radiotherapy.

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