OPEN IN READ APP
JOURNAL ARTICLE
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL

Randomized, placebo-controlled trial of the effects of drospirenone-estradiol on blood pressure and potassium balance in hypertensive postmenopausal women receiving hydrochlorothiazide

Richard A Preston, Paul M Norris, Alberto B Alonso, Pingping Ni, Vladimir Hanes, Adel H Karara
Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society 2007, 14 (3): 408-14
17224857

OBJECTIVE: Drospirenone (DRSP), a spironolactone analog with aldosterone antagonist activity, is a novel progestogen developed for use as hormone therapy in postmenopausal women in combination with 17beta-estradiol (E2). DRSP/E2 lowers blood pressure when used alone in hypertensive postmenopausal women or when administered concomitantly with angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors or angiotensin receptor blockers. DRSP/E2 has not been studied in combination with the widely prescribed hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ). We investigated the effects of 3 mg DRSP/1 mg E2 versus placebo on blood pressure and potassium balance when added to existing therapy with 25 mg HCTZ in postmenopausal women with established stage I hypertension.

DESIGN: This was a single-center, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, two-treatment, two 4-week treatment period crossover study in 36 postmenopausal women with stage I hypertension maintained on 25 mg HCTZ. The endpoint was a change from baseline in systolic and diastolic blood pressures by 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring. Safety monitoring included serum potassium (mEq/L) and adverse events.

RESULTS: Mean systolic and diastolic blood pressures by 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring were reduced significantly, by -7.2 and -4.5 mm Hg, respectively, with DRSP/E2 as compared with placebo. The decrease in potassium with HCTZ was 0.2 mEq/L less with DRSP/E2 than placebo, suggesting a potassium-sparing effect. The most frequently observed adverse events with DRSP/E2 were vaginal bleeding and breast tenderness, which were attributable to the hormone therapy.

CONCLUSIONS: DRSP/E2 substantially lowers systolic and diastolic blood pressure when added to existing antihypertensive therapy with HCTZ in hypertensive postmenopausal women. In addition, DRSP/E2 has a potassium-sparing effect that counteracts HCTZ-induced potassium loss.

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Available on the App Store

Available on the Play Store
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
17224857
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"