Repolarization duration in patients with conduction disturbances after myocardial infarction

Katarzyna Piotrowicz, Wojciech Zareba, Scott McNitt, Arthur J Moss
American Journal of Cardiology 2007 January 15, 99 (2): 163-8
This study compared different measurements of repolarization duration in patients after infarction with and without conduction disturbances and evaluated the prognostic significance of repolarization parameters for predicting mortality in patients with conduction abnormalities. The study population consisted of 3,282 patients after recent myocardial infarction. Repolarization duration was measured using Bazett QTc and JTc (QTc minus QRS) and Rautaharju QT and JT(RR) formulas. All-cause mortality was the end point of the predictive models. In 259 patients with conduction disturbances, 76 (2.3%) had indeterminate ventricular conduction disturbances, 126 (3.8%) had right bundle branch block, and 47 (1.4%) had left bundle branch block. Patients with left bundle branch block demonstrated excessive prolongation of the QTc interval, which was not observed when using the JT(RR) interval. There were no significant differences in repolarization duration by gender in patients with conduction abnormalities. Repolarization parameters were uniformly dichotomized at the 75th percentile (QTc interval >490 ms, JTc interval >360 ms, QT(RR,QRS) interval >433 ms, JT(RR) interval >359 ms) to determine their prognostic significance for predicting mortality. After adjustment for significant clinical predictors of mortality, the hazard ratios were 1.65 for QTc interval (p = 0.062), 1.46 for JTc interval (p = 0.168), 1.71 for QT(RR,QRS) interval (p = 0.043), and 1.70 for JT(RR) interval (p = 0.044)(.) In conclusion, patients with left bundle branch block, right bundle branch block, or indeterminate ventricular conduction disturbances show longer repolarization duration than patients without these conduction disturbances, and QT(RR,QRS) and JT(RR) intervals reflect better than QTc repolarization duration in patients with conduction disturbances. QT(RR) and JT(RR) intervals significantly and independently predict mortality in patients after infarction with conduction disturbances.

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