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Tubularized incised plate urethroplasty for hypospadias reoperations in 100 patients

Mehmet Eliçevik, Gülay Tireli, Oyhan Demirali, Murat Unal, Serdar Sander
International Urology and Nephrology 2007, 39 (3): 823-7
17221283

OBJECTIVES: To determine the key points for a successful redo hypospadias procedure using tubularized incised plate urethroplasty operation.

METHODS: A retrospective chart review of a cohort of 100 patients (Mean age: 4.5 years, range: 2-12) who had undergone a redo tubularized incised plate urethroplasty operation was performed. Fischer exact and Chi square tests were used for statistical analysis.

RESULTS: The incidence of complications of tubularized incised plate urethroplasty reoperation after failed repairs of meatal advancement and glanuloplasty procedure (n: 14), meatal based flap (n: 36), and tubularized incised plate urethroplasty (n: 50) were 29% (n: 4), 22% (n: 8) and, 28% (n: 14) respectively (P > 0.05). The overall complication rate was 26% (n: 26). Eighteen patients (18%) had fistula, five had meatal stenosis (5%), two had dehiscence (2%) and one had neourethral stenosis (1%). Postoperatively, fistula was closed in 18 patients and 5 underwent meatoplasty. Two patients with dehiscence and one with neourethral stenosis underwent an unsuccessful third redo tubularized incised plate urethroplasty reoperation and they were candidates for a complex hypospadias repair (3%). The ultimate success rate of tubularized incised plate urethroplasty reoperation after treatment of complications was 97%.

CONCLUSION: Tubularized incised plate urethroplasty is a safe and efficacious alternative procedure for hypospadias reoperations if the urethral plate has no scars and outcome is favourable if the first failed hypospadias repair is a meatal based flap procedure. The complication rate increases if the urethral plate has been previously incised in the midline and a redo third redo must be avoided.

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