Synthesis and in vivo evaluation of a novel 5-HT1A receptor agonist radioligand [O-methyl- 11C]2-(4-(4-(2-methoxyphenyl)piperazin-1-yl)butyl)-4-methyl-1,2,4-triazine-3,5(2H,4H)dione in nonhuman primates

J S Dileep Kumar, Jaya Prabhakaran, Vattoly J Majo, Matthew S Milak, Shu-Chi Hsiung, Hadassah Tamir, Norman R Simpson, Ronald L Van Heertum, J John Mann, Ramin V Parsey
European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging 2007, 34 (7): 1050-60

PURPOSE: Serotonin1A (5-HT1A) receptors exist in high- and low-affinity states, and agonist ligands bind preferentially to the high-affinity state of the receptor and provide a measure of functional 5-HT1A receptors. Although the antagonist tracers are established PET ligands in clinical studies, a successful 5-HT1A receptor agonist radiotracer in living brain has not been reported. [11C]MPT, our first-generation agonist radiotracer, shows in vivo specificity in baboons; however, its utility is limited owing to slow washout and immeasurable plasma free fraction. Hence we performed structure-activity relationship studies of MPT to optimize a radiotracer that will permit valid quantification of 5-HT1A receptor binding. We now report the synthesis and evaluation of [11C]MMP as an agonist PET tracer for 5-HT1A receptors in baboons.

METHODS: In vitro binding assays were performed in bovine hippocampal membranes and membranes of CHO cells expressing 5-HT1A receptors. [11C] labeling of MMP was performed by reacting desmethyl-MMP with [11C]CH(3)OTf. In vivo studies were performed in baboons, and blocking studies were conducted by pretreatment with 5-HT1A receptor ligands WAY-100635 and (+/-)-8-OH-DPAT.

RESULTS: MMP is a selective 5-HT1A receptor agonist (Ki 0.15 nM). Radiosynthesis of [11C]MMP was achieved in 30 +/- 5% (n = 15) yield at EOS with a specific activity of 2,600 +/- 500 Ci/mmol (n = 12). PET studies in baboons demonstrated specific binding of [11C]MMP to 5-HT1A receptor-enriched brain regions, as confirmed by blockade with WAY-100635 and (+/-)-8-OH-DPAT.

CONCLUSION: We identified [11C]MMP as an optimal agonist PET tracer that shows quantifiable, specific binding in vivo to 5-HT1A receptors in baboons.

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