Notch signal organizes the Drosophila olfactory circuitry by diversifying the sensory neuronal lineages

Keita Endo, Tomoko Aoki, Yuka Yoda, Ken-ichi Kimura, Chihiro Hama
Nature Neuroscience 2007, 10 (2): 153-60
An essential feature of the organization and function of the vertebrate and insect olfactory systems is the generation of a variety of olfactory receptor neurons (ORNs) that have different specificities in regard to both odorant receptor expression and axonal targeting. Yet the underlying mechanisms that generate this neuronal diversity remain elusive. Here we demonstrate that the Notch signal is involved in the diversification of ORNs in Drosophila melanogaster. A systematic clonal analysis showed that a cluster of ORNs housed in each sensillum were differentiated into two classes, depending on the level of Notch activity in their sibling precursors. Notably, ORNs of different classes segregated their axonal projections into distinct domains in the antennal lobes. In addition, both the odorant receptor expression and the axonal targeting of ORNs were specified according to their Notch-mediated identities. Thus, Notch signaling contributes to the diversification of ORNs, thereby regulating multiple developmental events that establish the olfactory map in Drosophila.

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