JOURNAL ARTICLE

ANG II-stimulated DNA synthesis is mediated by ANG II receptor-dependent Ca(2+)/PKC as well as EGF receptor-dependent PI3K/Akt/mTOR/p70S6K1 signal pathways in mouse embryonic stem cells

Ho Jae Han, Ji Yeon Han, Jung Sun Heo, Sang Hun Lee, Min Young Lee, Yun Hee Kim
Journal of Cellular Physiology 2007, 211 (3): 618-29
17219409
Effect of angiotensin II (ANG II) on mouse embryonic stem (ES) cell proliferation was examined. ANG II increased [(3)H] thymidine incorporation in a time- (>4 h) and dose- (>10(-9) M) dependent manner. The ANG II-induced increase in [(3)H] thymidine incorporation was blocked by inhibition of ANG II type 1 (AT(1)) receptor but not by ANG II type 2 (AT(2)) receptor, and AT(1) receptor was expressed. ANG II increased inositol phosphates formation and [Ca(2+)](i), and translocated PKC alpha, delta, and zeta to the membrane fraction. Consequently, the inhibition of PLC/PKC suppressed ANG II-induced increase in [(3)H] thymidine incorporation. The inhibition of EGF receptor kinase or tyrosine kinase prevented ANG II-induced increase in [(3)H] thymidine incorporation. ANG II phosphorylated EGF receptor and increased Akt, mTOR, and p70S6K1 phosphorylation blocked by AG 1478 (EGF receptor kinase blocker). ANG II-induced increase in [(3)H] thymidine incorporation was blocked by the inhibition of p44/42 MAPKs but not by p38 MAPK inhibition. Indeed, ANG II phosphorylated p44/42 MAPKs, which was prevented by the inhibition of the PKC and AT(1) receptor. ANG II increased c-fos, c-jun, and c-myc levels. ANG II also increased the protein levels of cyclin D1, cyclin E, cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) 2, and CDK4 but decreased the p21(cip1/waf1) and p27(kip1), CDK inhibitory proteins. These proteins were blocked by the inhibition of AT(1) receptor, PLC/PKC, p44/42 MAPKs, EGF receptor, or tyrosine kinase. In conclusion, ANG II-stimulated DNA synthesis is mediated by ANG II receptor-dependent Ca(2+)/PKC and EGF receptor-dependent PI3K/Akt/mTOR/p70S6K1 signal pathways in mouse ES cells.

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