Prophylactic oophorectomy in women at increased cancer risk

Susan M Domchek, Timothy R Rebbeck
Current Opinion in Obstetrics & Gynecology 2007, 19 (1): 27-30

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Bilateral prophylactic salpingo-oophorectomy is widely used for cancer risk reduction in women with BRCA1/2 mutations. Bilateral prophylactic salpingo-oophorectomy significantly reduces breast cancer risk by approximately 50% and ovarian cancer risk by 80-95% but may be accompanied by menopausal symptoms, impaired quality of life and accelerated bone loss. Therefore, decisions regarding the timing of bilateral prophylactic salpingo-oophorectomy and the use of post-bilateral prophylactic salpingo-oophorectomy hormone replacement therapy must be carefully considered.

RECENT FINDINGS: Over the last year, studies have further examined issues related to quality of life associated with bilateral prophylactic salpingo-oophorectomy and have demonstrated that hormone replacement therapy following bilateral prophylactic salpingo-oophorectomy in unaffected women does not negate the breast cancer risk reduction that bilateral prophylactic salpingo-oophorectomy provides. Studies have provided additional information on the residual risk of cancer following bilateral prophylactic salpingo-oophorectomy, have demonstrated its benefit in Lynch syndrome and have suggested a short-term mortality benefit following bilateral prophylactic salpingo-oophorectomy in BRCA1/2 mutation carriers.

SUMMARY: We review the recent studies regarding bilateral prophylactic salpingo-oophorectomy and their implications for the clinical management of women who are at increased cancer risk.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"