Incidence of and factors associated with hepatocellular carcinoma among hepatitis C virus and human immunodeficiency virus coinfected patients with decompensated cirrhosis

José A García-García, Manuel Romero-Gómez, José A Girón-González, Robin Rivera-Irigoin, Julián Torre-Cisneros, José L Montero, Mercedes González-Serrano, Raúl J Andrade, Manuela Aguilar-Guisado, Israel Grilo, Javier Martín-Vivaldi, Javier Salmerón, Francisco J Caballero-Granado, Juan Macías, Salvador Vergara-López, Juan A Pineda
AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses 2006, 22 (12): 1236-41
We compared the incidence of and factors associated with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) among hepatitis C virus (HCV)-monoinfected subjects and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/HCV-coinfected individuals, both with decompensated cirrhosis. In a retrospective study, a cohort of 180 individuals with HIV coinfection and 1037 HCV-monoinfected patients with decompensated HCV-related cirrhosis from eight centres in Spain were analyzed. HCC was found in 234 (23%) HCV-monoinfected subjects and in four (2%) HIV-coinfected subjects (p<0.001). At the time of the first hepatic decompensation, 188 (17%) and 4 (2%) (p<0.001) patients in the former and in the latter group, respectively, showed HCC. Fifty-four (11%) patients without HCC at baseline developed such a disease during follow-up. There were no incident cases among the HIV-coinfected population. The density of incidence (95% IC) of HCC in HIV/HCV-coinfected and HCV-monoinfected patients was 0 (0-1.70) and 3.31 (2.70-4.64) cases per 100 person-years (p<0.001), respectively. Lack of HIV infection [adjusted odds risk (AOR) (95% IC)=16.7 (3.9-71.1)] and high alanine aminotransferase levels [AOR (95% IC)=2.5 (1.1-5)] were the only two independent predictors of the emergence of HCC. In the group of patients in whom the date of HCV infection could be estimated, the time elapsed until HCC diagnosis was shorter among HIV-coinfected subjects. The incidence of HCC in patients with HCV-related cirrhosis after the first hepatic decompensation is lower in HIV-coinfected patients. This is probably due to the fact that HIV infection shortens the survival of HCV-coinfected patients with end-stage liver disease to such an extent that HCC not had a chance to emerge.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"