JOURNAL ARTICLE

Differential regulation of RANTES and IL-8 expression in lung adenocarcinoma cells

Corinne Henriquet, Claire Gougat, Audrey Combes, Gwendal Lazennec, Marc Mathieu
Lung Cancer: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer 2007, 56 (2): 167-74
17207890
In lung adenocarcinoma, expression of Regulated upon Activation, Normal T cell Expressed and presumably Secreted (RANTES) is a predictor of survival while that of interleukin (IL)-8 is associated with a poor prognosis. In several models, tumorigenesis is abolished by RANTES, while it is facilitated by IL-8. We studied the regulation of RANTES and IL-8 expression in A549 lung adenocarcinoma cells. The effects of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha and regulators of protein kinases C (PKC)alpha/beta were tested because these have been shown to modulate cancer development and progression. TNF-alpha stimulated expression of both chemokines, while the PKCalpha/beta activator 12-O-tetradecanoyl-phorbol-13-acetate (TPA) induced only expression of IL-8 and inhibited TNF-alpha-induced RANTES expression. The PKCalpha/beta inhibitor Gö 6976 increased TNF-alpha-induced RANTES production and prevented its down-regulation by TPA. In contrast, it decreased TNF-alpha or TPA-induced IL-8 release. The differential regulation of RANTES and IL-8 expression was further analyzed. Site-directed mutagenesis indicated that regulation of RANTES promoter activity required two nuclear factor (NF)-kappaB response elements but not its activator protein (AP)-1 binding sites. An AP-1 and a NF-kappaB recognition sites were necessary for full induction of IL-8 promoter activity by TNF-alpha and TPA. Moreover, electrophoretic mobility shift assays demonstrated that NF-kappaB response elements from the RANTES promoter were of lower affinity than that from the IL-8 promoter. Immunoblotting experiments showed that TPA was more potent than TNF-alpha to induce in a PKCalpha/beta dependent manner the p44/p42 mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPK) signaling cascade which controls AP-1 activity. Conversely, TPA inhibited TNF-alpha-induced NF-kappaB signaling and was a weak activator of this pathway. Thus, TPA did not sufficiently activate NF-kappaB to increase transcription through the low affinity NF-kappaB binding sites on RANTES promoter and its inhibitory effect on TNF-alpha-induced NF-kappaB signaling resulted in a reduced transcription rate. On IL-8 promoter, increased transcription through the high affinity NF-kappaB binding site occurred even with poorly activated NF-kappaB and the functional AP-1 response element compensated any loss of transcription rate. These data provide a mechanistic insight into the differential regulation of IL-8 and RANTES expression by PKCalpha/beta in lung adenocarcinoma cells.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
17207890
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"