Styraxoside A isolated from the stem bark of Styrax japonica inhibits lipopolysaccharide-induced expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase and cyclooxygenase-2 in RAW 264.7 cells by suppressing nuclear factor-kappa B activation

Kyung-Jin Yun, Byung-Sun Min, Ji-Yeon Kim, Kyung-Tae Lee
Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin 2007, 30 (1): 139-44
In the present study, the effects of terpenes (styraxosides A and B) and lignans (egonol, masutakeside I, and styraxlignolide A) isolated from the stem bark of Styrax japonica Sieb. et Zucc. (styracaceae) were evaluated on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced nitric oxide (NO) and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) production by the RAW 264.7 macrophage cell line. Of the tested compounds, styraxoside A was found to most potently inhibit the productions of NO and PGE2, and also significantly reduced the release of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta). Consistent with these observations, the protein expression levels of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and the mRNA expression levels of iNOS, COX-2, TNF-alpha and IL-1beta were found to be inhibited by styraxoside A in a concentration-dependent manner. Furthermore, styraxoside A inhibited the LPS-induced DNA binding activity of nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB). Taken together, our data indicate that styraxoside A inhibits LPS-induced iNOS, COX-2, TNF-alpha, and IL-1beta expressions through the down-regulation of NF-kappaB-DNA binding activity.

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