Minimal change disease: a review

Tapasi C Saha, Harmeet Singh
Southern Medical Journal 2006, 99 (11): 1264-70
Minimal change disease (MCD) is a histopathological lesion in the kidney that is most commonly associated with nephrotic syndrome. The majority of the cases are idiopathic. Pathogenesis is not well understood, although T-cell-related mechanisms are implicated. Massive proteinuria leads to hypoalbuminemia, salt retention, disorder of hemostasis, hyperlipidemia and increased susceptibility to infections. Renal biopsy remains the gold standard for diagnosis. MCD is highly responsive to corticosteroids. Other immunosuppressive agents such as cyclophosphamide, cyclosporin, azathioprine and mycophenolate mofetil have been used to treat cases which are resistant to steroids.

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