COMPARATIVE STUDY
JOURNAL ARTICLE
MULTICENTER STUDY

[Evaluation of rational prescribing and dispensing of medicines in Mali]

D Maiga, A Diawara, M D Maiga
Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique 2006, 54 (6): 497-505
17194981
Pharmaceutical policy in Mali is based on the concept of essential medicines and procurement of generic medicines. Unfortunately, increasing availability of generic medicines via different promotional programs can often be accompanied by their irrational use. This survey was thus designed to evaluate rational prescribing and dispensing of medicines in Mali. A cross-sectional survey was conducted from 1998 to 2005 in 30 primary health centers and 30 private dispensaries; in Bamako and in 6 of the 8 other regions of the country. In each of the visited facilities, 20 prescriptions dispensed at the time of the survey were collected. The average number of medicines per prescription was 3.2+/-1.3 and 2.8+/-1.2 respectively in the public and private sectors. Medicines were prescribed under generic name in 88.2% of the public sector prescriptions and in 30.9% of the private sector ones. Antibiotics were prescribed in 70.4% of the public sector prescriptions and in 50.0% of the private sector prescriptions. In the public sector 33.2% of the prescriptions had injections compared with 14.3% in the private sector (p<0.001). The median price per prescription was lower in the public sector (1575.0 CFA F, or 2.4 Euros, of which 91.3% were actually purchased by the patient) than in the private sector (5317.5 CFA F, or 8.1 Euros, of which 84.6% were purchased). Generic medicines are being used in the public sector but less frequently than in private practice. As therapeutic guidelines are already available, it would be useful to institute interactive information for practitioners through intensive visits by more experienced supervisors. The quality of the prescriptions could thus be optimized.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
17194981
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"