Long-term results after stapled hemorrhoidopexy: high patient satisfaction despite frequent postoperative symptoms

P Fueglistaler, M O Guenin, I Montali, B Kern, R Peterli, M von Flüe, C Ackermann
Diseases of the Colon and Rectum 2007, 50 (2): 204-12

PURPOSE: Stapled hemorrhoidopexy has been demonstrated to be advantageous in the short term compared with the traditional techniques. We aimed to evaluate long-term results after stapled hemorrhoidopexy and to assess patient satisfaction in association with postoperative hemorrhoidal symptoms.

METHODS: This prospective study included 216 patients with Grade 2 or 3 hemorrhoids, who had stapled hemorrhoidopexy using the circular stapled technique. The results were evaluated by a standardized questionnaire at least 12 months after the operation. The primary end point was patient satisfaction; secondary end points included specific hemorrhoidal symptoms.

RESULTS: Followup data were obtained for 193 of 216 patients (89 percent) with a median follow-up of 28 (range, 12-53) months, most of whom (89 percent) were satisfied or very satisfied with the surgery. The main preoperative symptom was no longer present postoperatively in 66 percent of patients, was relieved in 28 percent, and had worsened in 2 percent. Postoperative complaints included symptoms of hemorrhoidal prolapse (24 percent of patients), anal bleeding (20 percent), anal pain (25 percent) fecal soiling/leakage (31 percent), fecal urgency (40 percent), and local discomfort (38 percent). Bivariate analysis showed significant associations between each of these symptoms and patient satisfaction. Nine patients (5 percent) were reoperated on during the follow-up period.

CONCLUSIONS: Long-term patient satisfaction was high in most of patients after stapled hemorrhoidopexy for second-degree and third-degree hemorrhoids. However, an unsatisfactory outcome was significantly related to postoperative hemorrhoidal symptoms such as prolapse, fecal soiling/leakage, and new onset of fecal urgency.

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