Iridium(I) pyridyl azolate complexes with saturated red metal-to-ligand charge transfer phosphorescence; fundamental and potential applications in organic light-emitting diodes

Chung-Hong Fang, Yao-Lun Chen, Cheng-Han Yang, Yun Chi, Yu-Shan Yeh, Elisa Y Li, Yi-Ming Cheng, Chia-Jung Hsu, Pi-Tai Chou, Chin-Ti Chen
Chemistry: a European Journal 2007, 13 (9): 2686-94
Preparation of a new series of neutral metal complexes [(cod)Ir(fppz)] (1), [(cod)Ir(bppz)] (2), [(cod)Ir(fptz)] (3) and [(cod)Ir(bptz)] (4), bearing one cod ligand and a pyridyl azolate chelate are reported. A single-crystal X-ray diffraction study of 3 reveals the expected distorted square-planar geometry. The lowest absorption band consists of IrI atom increased triplet dpi-->pi* transitions (3MLCT), the assignment of which is firmly supported by the theoretical approaches. Complexes 1-4 exhibit weak phosphorescence in degassed solution at room temperature, whereas much more intense, solid-state phosphorescence appears in the range 622-649 nm. The pure MLCT emission was used as a prototypical model to address its remarkable spectral differences from the IrIII isoquinoline pyrrolide complex (5), which has mainly 3pipi phosphorescence. Complex 3 was used as a dopant to fabricate red-emitting phosphorescent organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs). For the 7 % doped device, a maximum brightness of 3010 cd m-2 was achieved at an applied voltage of 15 V and with CIE coordinates of (0.56, 0.33), demonstrating for the first time the potential of neutral IrI complexes in OLED applications.

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