A comparison of sevelamer hydrochloride with calcium acetate on biomarkers of bone turnover in hemodialysis patients

Yao-Lung Liu, Hsin-Hung Lin, Chun-Chen Yu, Huey-Liang Kuo, Ya-Fei Yang, Che-Yi Chou, Po-Wen Lin, Jiung-Hsiun Liu, Pen-Yuan Liao, Chiu-Ching Huang
Renal Failure 2006, 28 (8): 701-7

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the influence of sevelamer hydrochloride and calcium acetate on biomarkers of bone turnover in patients with hyperphosphatemia receiving hemodialysis.

METHODS: In this prospective, open-label, randomized, active-controlled study, 70 patients (38 men and 32 women) with hyperphosphatemia (serum phosphorus level >6.0 mg/dL) underwent a two-week washout period and were randomly selected to receive sevelamer hydrochloride (n = 37) or calcium acetate (n = 33) for eight weeks. Changes in serum levels of intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH), alkaline phosphatase (Alk-P), phosphorus, and calcium were measured and compared.

RESULTS: After eight weeks of treatment, calcium acetate lowered iPTH levels significantly more than sevelamer hydrochloride did (-178.0 vs. -69.0 pg/mL, p = 0.0019). Levels of Alk-P were significantly elevated in patients given sevelamer hydrochloride compared with levels in those given calcium acetate treatment (24.09 vs. 7.45 U/L, p = 0.0014). Changes in serum phosphorus levels did not differ between sevelamer hydrochloride (-1.93 mg/dL) and calcium acetate (-2.5 mg/dL) at the end of the study (p = 0.0514). Changes in the calcium and phosphorous product did not significantly differ between the sevelamer-hydrochloride group (-18.06 mg2/dL2) and the calcium-acetate group (-19.05 mg2/dL2, p = 0.6764). Fifteen patients (45.5%) treated with calcium acetate had hypercalcemia (serum-adjusted calcium level >10.5 mg/dL); the rate was significantly higher than that of patients treated with sevelamer (five [13.5%] of 37, p = 0.0039).

CONCLUSION: Treatment with sevelamer hydrochloride had the advantage of maintaining stable iPTH levels and elevating Alk-P levels while lowering serum phosphorus levels and calcium-phosphorous product.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"