JOURNAL ARTICLE

Intestinal ribosomal p70(S6K) signaling is increased in piglet rotavirus enteritis

J Marc Rhoads, Benjamin A Corl, Robert Harrell, Xiaomei Niu, Lori Gatlin, Oulayvanh Phillips, Anthony Blikslager, Adam Moeser, Guoyao Wu, Jack Odle
American Journal of Physiology. Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology 2007, 292 (3): G913-22
17138969
Recent identification of the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway as an amino acid-sensing mechanism that regulates protein synthesis led us to investigate its role in rotavirus diarrhea. We hypothesized that malnutrition would reduce the jejunal protein synthetic rate and mTOR signaling via its target, ribosomal p70 S6 kinase (p70(S6K)). Newborn piglets were artificially fed from birth and infected with porcine rotavirus on day 5 of life. Study groups included infected (fully fed and 50% protein calorie malnourished) and noninfected fully fed controls. Initially, in "worst-case scenario studies," malnourished infected piglets were killed on days 1, 3, 5, and 11 postinoculation, and jejunal samples were compared with controls to determine the time course of injury and p70(S6K) activation. Using a 2 x 2 factorial design, we subsequently determined if infection and/or malnutrition affected mTOR activation on day 3. Western blot analysis and immunohistochemistry were used to measure total and phosphorylated p70(S6K); [(3)H]phenylalanine incorporation was used to measure protein synthesis; and lactase specific activity and villus-crypt dimensions were used to quantify injury. At the peak of diarrhea, the in vitro jejunal protein synthetic rate increased twofold (compared with the rate in the uninfected pig jejunum), concomitant with increased jejunal p70(S6K) phosphorylation (4-fold) and an increased p70(S6K) level (3-fold, P < 0.05). Malnutrition did not alter the magnitude of p70(S6K) activation. Immunolocalization revealed that infection produced a major induction of cytoplasmic p70(S6K) and nuclear phospho-p70(S6K), mainly in the crypt. A downregulation of semitendinosus muscle p70(S6K) phosphorylation was seen at days 1-3 postinoculation. In conclusion, intestinal activation of p70(S6K) was not inhibited by malnutrition but was strongly activated during an active state of mucosal regeneration.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
17138969
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"