JOURNAL ARTICLE

Hepatic differentiation and transcriptional profile of the mouse liver epithelial progenitor cells (LEPCs) under the induction of sodium butyrate

Wenlin Li, Pu You, Qing Wei, Yao Li, Xuping Fu, Xiaoyan Ding, Xin Wang, Yiping Hu
Frontiers in Bioscience: a Journal and Virtual Library 2007, 12: 1691-8
17127414
The liver regenerates by progenitor cells when it is damaged in chronic liver diseases and extensive damage. The progenitor cells, also termed "oval cells" according to their morphological traits, can differentiate into hepatocytes and bile duct cells in vivo. To better understand the transcriptional pattern that accompanies the hepatic differentiation of oval cells, we applied cDNA microarray to analyze the oval cell-derived liver epithelial progenitor cells (LEPCs) during in vitro induced differentiation. Upon exposure to sodium butyrate, a histone deacetylase inhibitor, cultured LEPCs differentiate and express functional hepatocyte markers albumin, tryptophan 2, 3-dioxygenase and alcohol dehydrogenase. For expression profiling, cells were harvested at 6 h, 12 h, 1 d, 3 d and 7 d after exposure to sodium butyrate. After analyzing the microarray data by SOM clustering, total of 796 differentially regulated genes were grouped into 48 clusters. Consistent with the phenotype change of LEPCs after sodium butyrate treatment, many hepatocyte functional genes are revealed by analyzing the clusters containing genes up-regulated through all the time points. The clusters, containing down-regulated genes immediately after the induction, are also analyzed. The microarray data was validated by analyzing the expression of selected genes by quantitative real-time PCR. A set of genes expressed synergistically in these clusters may play a central role during the process of differentiation. Sodium butyrate decreases cyclin B1 and Cdk4 expression, which would be associated with LEPCs growth arrest shortly after treatment. Bmi1, a polycomb group protein, is also down-regulated immediately after treatment and remains at a low level during the induction. These findings highlight the key molecular mechanisms by which sodium butyrate, mediates its effects on cell growth arrest and induction of differentiation. In conclusion, our data reflect a global view of gene expression during hepatic differentiation of LEPCs induced by sodium butyrate.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
17127414
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"